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Rocking Benefits For Sleep: Various Study Excerpts, General Info

Compiled by John Huff • 641 472 6651 • Floating Bed Co • www.floatingbed.com • Updated 4/25/08


Vestibular Dreams: The Effect of Rocking on Dream Mentation
Kenneth Leslie and Robert Ogilvie
Dreaming: Journal of the Association for the Study of Dreams. Vol 6(1) 1-16, Mar 1996.

A rocking by time interaction was found: rocking increased lucid mentation during early morning REM periods… These results suggest that vestibular activation during REM sleep can influence dream mentation, specifically, dream self-reflectiveness and vestibular imagery.


Study Finds Cognitive Behavior Therapy More Effective Than Sleeping Pills For Treating Insomnia
Benefits of Non-Drug Techniques Top The Most Popular Sleeping Pill, Ambien

http://www.talkaboutsleep.com/sleep-disorders/2004/09/insomnia-cbt-effective.htm

Boston, MA - September 27, 2004
A study by researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) has found that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is more effective than sleeping pills in treating chronic sleep-onset insomnia.

The findings, which appear in the Sept. 27 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine, show non-drug techniques yield better short and long-term results than the most widely prescribed sleeping pill, zolpidem, commonly known as Ambien. It is the first placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the separate and combined effects of CBT and pharmacological therapies in treating insomnia in young and middle-aged adults.

"Sleeping pills are the most frequent treatment for insomnia, yet CBT techniques clearly were more successful in helping the majority of study participants to become normal sleepers. Sleeping pills were only moderately effective compared to CBT and they lost their effectiveness as soon as they were discontinued, " said study leader Gregg Jacobs, Ph.D., insomnia specialist in the Sleep Disorders Center of BIDMC and an assistant professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School.

"Our results suggest that CBT should be considered the first line treatment for insomnia, which is experienced on a nightly basis by one-third of the nation’s adult population," added Jacobs.

Insomnia affects more than 70 million Americans and is one of the most common complaints brought to physician’s offices. Those with the condition experience difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep, often resulting in impaired daytime functioning. In the National Sleep Foundation’s 2002 Sleep in America poll, 35 percent of all adults experienced symptoms every night, with 58 percent reporting insomnia at least a few nights per week.


Sleep Foundation: Facts and Statistics about Sleep

http://www.sleepfoundation.org/site/c.huIXKjM0IxF/b.2421197/k.2474/
* Forty-eight percent of Americans report insomnia occasionally, while 22 percent experience insomnia every or almost every night.*
* Women are 1.3 times more likely to report insomnia than men.
* People over age 65 are 1.5 times more likely to complain of insomnia than younger people.
* Divorced, widowed and separated people report more insomnia.

National Sleep Foundation 1998 Omnibus Sleep in America Poll

Treating insomnia with medication is the most common treatment for these sleep problems. Twenty-five percent of Americans take some type of medication every year to help them sleep.

How Long Should Drug Treatment Last?
* Accepted insomnia guidelines call for short-term treatment, but long-term use of sleep aids is not uncommon.
* Four weeks is the recommended limit.
* Not prescribing hypnotics may cause unnecessary patient distress, particularly when the person does well on the same dose and has no side effects.
* Still, most sleep specialists share the belief that sleep aids shouldn't be a long-term answer to poor sleep for most people who have trouble sleeping.

More studies are needed on long-term effects of the use of sleep aids.
Sleep medications are the top most prescribed drugs in America.
The average user of these drugs gets 13 minutes of additional sleep per night, at a cost of about $3.50 per day.


Bitter Pill Awards
The "While you were Sleeping" Award: For Overmarketing Insomnia Medications to Anyone who's ever had a Bad Night's Sleep

Winners: Ambien/Ambien CR (Sanofi-Aventis) and Lunesta (Sepracor)

http://www.prescriptionaccess.org/learnmore?id=0015

43 million prescriptions for sleeping pills were filled in 2005, due in large part to $345 million in drug company advertising (TNS Media Intelligence). Prescriptions for these drugs are up nearly 60% since 2000 (IMS Health), and ad spending for them is nearly six times its 2004 level (TNS). The two biggest competitors in the market for sleep medications are Ambien, made by Sanofi-Aventis, and Lunesta, made by Sepracor. "Sleep is the new sex," said Arthur Spielman, director of the Center for Sleep Disorders Medicine and Research, "People want it, need it, can't get enough of it."
The top 5 prescription sleep drugs earned more than $2.7 billion in 2005 (IMS Health). The growth in prescriptions for these drugs is raising concerns that they are being significantly overprescribed and that the risks are being downplayed. Their effectiveness is also in question.


(from Napshell web site)
Numerous studies from famous institutions have proven the effectiveness of power-napping. Marc Rosenkind conducted a study for NASA that proved reaction time can improve by up to 16% and loss of concentration can be reduced by up to 34%.

The creativity-boosting nap counteracts the biorhythmic midday-low and significantly increases efficiency.

In the lower Saxon city of Vechta, the city administration has introduced power-napping with considerable success: its 100 employees are healthier, which means statistically they are less absent due to sickness and work more effectively.


Rocking bed and prolonged independence from nocturnal non-invasive ventilation in neurogenic respiratory failure associated with limb weakness
http://pmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/80/944/360


Effect of a rocking bed on apnoea of prematurity
SJ Tuck, P onin, C Duvivier, T May and P Vert

http://adc.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/archdischild;57/6/475
We describe a rocking bed for use in incubators. Its effect was studied in 12 preterm infants with idiopathic apnoea, using each as his own control. All but one had less apnoea when the bed was rocking than when it was still. Apnoea associated with a significant fall in transcutaneous PO2 was less frequent, and fewer interventions were needed to terminate apnoeic attacks.


Sudden infant death syndrome and possible relation to vestibular function.
Farrimond T.
University of Waikato, New Zealand.
Some infants seem to be born with a degree of respiratory centre immaturity which in combination with other problems such as illness, head colds, exposure to cold, air or smoke, may result in cessation of breathing. Vestibular stimulation by rocking has been shown to be beneficial for premature babies in reducing apnea. There also appear to be other benefits, resulting in more rapid maturation of the nerve cells of the cerebellum which is still developing during the first six months of life. The suggestion is made that crib deaths may be reduced by the use of automatically rocking cribs, particularly during the night when most deaths occur.
PMID: 2251079 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Pediatrician. 1989;16(1-2):39-44.


Vaughn McCall, M.D., M.S., professor and chairman of the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Wake Forest (Babtist U)
Michael Twery, director of the National Center for Sleep Disorders Research at the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
An estimated 70 million Americans suffer from some type of sleep disorder. Dr. Eric Dyken, director of the Sleep Disorders Center at the University of Iowa, says there are 95 different categories of sleep disorders to sort through.
Dr. Michael J. Breus, PhD, is a Clinical Psychologist and a Diplomate of the American Board of Sleep Medicine. Breus is on the faculty of the Atlanta School of Sleep Medicine. He is the co-founder of SoundSleep Solutions, a direct-to-consumer, sleep-related information Web site, and currently serves as Chairman of the Clinical Advisory Board for Sleep Holdings, INC, the only publicly traded sleep diagnostic and therapy company in the world. His first book, GOOD NIGHT: The Sleep Doctor's 4-Week Program to Better Sleep and Better Health(Opens in a New Window) (Dutton/Penguin, 2006).
Natural sleep is healthier than drug-aided sleep," says Robert Ballard, M.D., Director of the Sleep Center at National Jewish. 1400 Jackson Street Denver, Colorado 80206

http://www.newscientist.com/article.ns?id=mg19626275.500&print=true%20%3Chttp://www.newscientist.com/article.ns?id=mg19626275.500&print=true
lack of sleep article


From PubMed
Use of the rocking bed in the treatment of neurogenic respiratory insufficiency.


http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=7922294&dopt=Abstract QJM. 1994 Jul;87(7):423-9

Chalmers RM, Howard RS, Wiles CM, Spencer GT.
Lane-Fox Unit, St Thomas' Hospital, London, UK.

We describe 53 patients who received ventilatory support with a rocking bed. Diagnoses included previous poliomyelitis (30), muscular dystrophy (12), motor neurone disease (4), adult-onset acid maltase deficiency (4) and a miscellaneous group (3). Patients presented with respiratory insufficiency characterized by diaphragm weakness, progressive nocturnal hypoventilation and/or acute or chronic respiratory failure. Domiciliary rocking beds were used by 43 patients for a mean of 16.0 years (range 1 month to 35 years). Most patients were able to breathe adequately by day when sitting or standing, but needed assistance by rocking bed for 6-11 h when lying down for sleep. The rocking bed was well-tolerated, and associated with both symptomatic relief and amelioration of arterial blood gas abnormalities. Seventeen of these 43 patients discontinued its use, either because of discomfort (9) or increasing respiratory insufficiency (8). The rocking bed is a valuable adjunct in the management of the respiratory insufficiency associated with neuromuscular disease.

PMID: 7922294 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Patterns: Heavy Burden for Infants Who Lack Sleep
By NICHOLAS BAKALAR
Published: April 8, 2008
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/08/health/08patt.html

Infants who do not get enough sleep may have an increased risk for being overweight in childhood, a new study suggests.

Researchers recorded the sleep habits of 915 children at ages 6 months, 1 year and 2 years, using questionnaires and in-person interviews. At each visit, they recorded the infants’ length and weight and had parents report on the number of hours their children watched television or videos.

The study, published on Monday in The Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, found that the more sleep infants got, the less likely they were to be overweight at age 3. Infants who slept less than 12 hours a day had double the risk of being overweight compared with children who slept more, and the effect was especially apparent in children who also watched more than two hours of television a day.

The relationship held after adjusting for birth weight, the mother’s age and body mass, breast feeding duration and other variables. The authors say this is the first study to report an association between infant sleep time and children’s being overweight.

What’s a parent to do? “Most important is to practice good sleep hygiene techniques,” said Dr. Elsie M. Taveras, the lead author and an assistant professor of pediatrics at Harvard, who is herself the mother of an infant and a toddler. “No TV in the bedroom, no caffeinated drinks and so on. Getting a good night’s sleep is not just to be at our best the next day; it’s really to assure good health.”
 

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